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Surgery is essentially an important aspect of Medical PG entrance owing to its high weightage in entrance exams.

Owing to the vast syllabi of Surgery, it is impossible to remember everything during the exam. Therefore, a selective study is the best approach to prepare Surgery for Medical PG Entrance Exams

With a view to make your preparations more effective, we approached the famous faculty of Surgery, Dr. Pritesh Singh to guide you with the important topics from the NEET-PG perspective.

Dr.Singh has himself prepared the list of the important topics.

The Dream Team coming together on 12th January

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Important Topics of Surgery for NEET-PG

S. No.

Chapter

Topics

1

Breast

Nipple Discharge

Breast Cancer

Investigations in CA Breast

Mammography

BIRADS

BRCA mutation

DCIS & LCIS

Types of Mastectomy

Complications of Mastectomy

Breast Reconstruction

Breast Conservative Surgery

Hormonal Therapy in Carcinoma Breast

Luminal criteria

Multigene test (Oncotype Dx, PAM-50, Mammaprint)

Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma

Breast Cancer during Pregnancy

Mondor's Disease

Duct Papilloma

Duct ectasia

Cystosarcoma Phyllodes

Paget’s Disease of Nipple

Breast Abscess

Fibroadenoma

2

Thyroid

Papillary Carcinoma

Follicular carcinoma

Medullary Carcinoma

Solitary Thyroid Nodule

Thyrotoxicosis

Grave's Disease

Thyroidectomy

Post-Thyroidectomy Complications

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

de Quervain's Thyroiditis

Riedel's Thyroiditis

Thyroglossal cyst

3

Parathyroid & adrenal

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia

Hyperparathyroidism

Cushing’s Syndrome

Adrenal Incidentaloma

Pheochromocytoma

Neuroblastoma

4

Liver

Pyogenic Liver Abscess

Amoebic Liver Abscess

Hydatid Disease

Gharbi Classification of Hydatid Cyst

PAIR

Liver Hemangioma

Focal Nodular Hyperplasia

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Okuda Staging System for HCC

Milan criteria

Fibrolamellar HCC

Liver Metastasis

Hepatoblastoma

Liver Transplantation

Pringle Maneuver

Liver Anatomy

Caudate Lobe

Courvoisier’s Law

5

Portal Hypertension

Etiology of Portal Hypertension

Variceal Bleeding

Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) Score

MELD score

PELD score

Sengstaken and Blakemore tube

TIPSS

Surgical Shunts

Peritoneovenous Shunt

Non-Cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis

Extra-Hepatic Portal Venous Obstruction (EHPVO)

Budd-Chiari Syndrome

Veno-occlusive Disease

6

Gall Bladder

Cholesterol Gall Stones

Black Stones

Brown Stones

HIDA Scan

Gall Stones: Complications & Treatment

Acute Cholecystitis

Medical Therapy for Gall Stones

Gallstone Ileus

Mucocele

Indications of Prophylactic cholecystectomy

Acalculous Cholecystitis

Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis

Emphysematous Cholecystitis

Mirizzi’s Syndrome

Strawberry Gallbladder

Gallbladder Polyp

Adenomyomatosis

Gallbladder Carcinoma

Gallbladder: Anatomy & Physiology

7

Bile duct

Choledochal Cyst

Choledocholithiasis

Cholangitis

ERCP

MRCP

PTC

Bile Duct Injury

Bismuth Classification of Bile Duct Strictures

Strasberg Classification of Laparoscopic Biliary Injuries

Biliary Atresia

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Cholangiocarcinoma

Hemobilia

8

Pancreas

Causes of Acute Pancreatitis

Drugs Associated With Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

Ranson’s Prognostic Criteria

APACHE-II scoring system

BISAP score

Pseudocyst

Pancreatic Necrosis

Chronic Pancreatitis

Intraductal papillary Mucinous Neoplasm

Mucinous Cystadenoma of Pancreas

Serous Cystadenoma of Pancreas

Carcinoma Pancreas

Periampullary Carcinoma

Whipple’s Procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy)

Insulinoma

Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

Glucagonoma

VIPomas

Pancreas Divisum

Annular Pancreas

9

Esophagus

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (Bochdalek Hernia or Posterolateral Hernia)

Hiatus Hernia

Fundoplication

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Achalasia Cardia

Diffuse Esophageal Spasm

Zenker’s Diverticulum

Midesophageal or Traction Diverticula (AIIMS)

Plummer Vinson Syndrome

Barrett’s Esophagus

Carcinoma Esophagus

Types of esophagectomy

Replacement Conduits after Esophagectomy

Siewert classification

Leiomyoma

Dysphagia Lusoria

Boerhaave's Syndrome

Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula

Schatzki's Rings

Esophageal Sphincter

10

Stomach

Peptic Ulcer

Modified Johnson’s Classification of Gastric Ulcer

Complications of Peptic Ulcer

Vagotomy

Billroth Gastrectomy

Benign & Malignant Ulcer

Duodenal Ulcer

Gastrectomy & Complications

Dumping syndrome

BLEED risk Classification

Blatchford scale

Rockall & Baylor Score

The Forrest Classification

Mallory Weiss Syndrome

Dieulafoy’s Lesion

Watermelon Stomach

Ménétrier’s Disease

Carcinoma Stomach

Lauren Classification

Treatment of Carcinoma Stomach

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

Duodenal Atresia

Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

Trichobezoar

Stress gastritis (Stress ulcerations)

11

Peritoneum

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

Pneumoperitoneum

Secondary Bacterial Peritonitis

Enteric Fever

Mesenteric Cyst

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

Pelvic abscess

12

Intestinal obstruction

Small Bowel Obstruction

Intussusception

Meconium Ileus

Mesenteric Ischemia

Paralytic Ileus

Large Bowel Obstruction

Colonic Pseudo-obstruction

Sigmoid volvulus

Cecal volvulus

Malrotation

13

Small intestine

Meckel's diverticulum

Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis

Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome

Short bowel syndrome

Intestinal Atresia

Carcinoid Tumors

14

Large intestine

Hirschsprung's Disease

Colonic Diverticula

Colorectal Polyps

Peutz-Jegher’s Syndrome

Adenomatous Polyps

FAP

HNPCC

Carcinoma colon

Colonic Ischemia

Pseudomembranous Colitis

Lower Gastrointestinal Bleed

15

Ileostomy & colostomy

Complications of Ileostomy & colostomy

16

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Pathological & radiological features of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis

Management of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis

17

Appendix

Acute Appendicitis

Alvarado (MANTRELS) score

Ochsner-Sherren Regime

Appendiceal carcinoid

Appendectomy incisions

18

Rectum & anal canal

Carcinoma Rectum

Hemorrhoid

Rectal Prolapse

Ano-Rectal Abscess

Fistula-in-Ano

Goodsall’s rule

Anal Fissure

Pilonidal Sinus

Carcinoma Anal Canal

HPV Vaccines

19

Hernia

Risk Factors for Hernia

Inguinal Hernia

Management of Inguinal Hernia

Bassini repair

Shouldice repair

Lichtenstein repair

Laparoscopic & Pre-Peritoneal Repairs

Triangle of Doom

Triangle of Pain

Corona Mortis

Strangulated Inguinal Hernia

Femoral Hernia

Spigelian Hernia

Sliding Hernia

Lumbar Hernia

Obturator Hernia

Omphalocele & Gastroschisis

Epigastric hernia

Littre’s Hernia

Incisional Hernia

Desmoid Tumour

20

Spleen

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Indications for Splenectomy

Complications of Splenectomy

OPSI

Splenic Tumors

Splenic Cyst

Accessory Spleen

21

Kidney & ureter

Renal Calculi: types, clinical features, diagnosis & treatment

Urine: Cast & crystals

ESWL

PCNL

URS

GU TB

Pyelonephritis

Perinephric abscess & pyonephrosis

Hydronephrosis

Angiomyolipoma

RCC

Wilm’s Tumor

ADPKD

Pelviureteric (PUJ) obstruction

Retrocaval Ureter

Horseshoe Kidney

Ureterocele

Duplication of Ureter

Ectopic Ureteral Orifice

Vesicoureteric Reflux (VUR)

Patent Urachus

22

Urinary Bladder

Extrophy of Bladder (Ectopia Vesicae)

Endemic Bladder Calculi

Secondary Bladder Calculi

X-ray of bladder stone

Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis)

Carcinoma Urinary Bladder

Intravesical chemotherapy

Bladder Rupture

23

Prostate

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Absolute indications for surgery in BPH

Treatment of BPH

TURP

Prostatectomy

Carcinoma Prostate

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

Prostatic Calculi

24

Penis & urethra

Hypospadias

Epispadias

Posterior urethral valve

Phimosis

Paraphimosis

Priapism

Urinary tract Infection

Urethral Injury

Stricture Urethra

RGU & MCU

Carcinoma Penis

25

Testis & scrotum

Undescended Testis

Testicular Torsion

Varicocele

Hydrocele

Acute Epididymoorchitis

Fournier’s Gangrene

Predisposing factors for Testicular GCTs

Testicular Tumors

Tumour Markers of Testicular Tumors

Seminoma

26

Arterial disorders

Peripheral Arterial Occlusion

Buerger's Disease

Lumbar Sympathectomy

Critical Limb Ischemia

Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)

Arterial Ulcer

Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF)

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Diabetic Foot

Aortic Dissection

Aortic Aneurysm

Cut off diameter of aneurysm for surgery

Pseudoaneurysm

Subclavian Steal Syndrome

Vascular Graft

Takayasu's Arteritis

Giant cell arteritis

27

Venous disorders

Hypercoagulable States & DVT Risk Factors

DVT

Varicose Veins

Subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Vein Surgery (SEPS)

Tourniquet test

Injection sclerotherapy

Venous Ulcers

Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome

Kasabach-Meritt Syndrome

Migratory Thrombophlebitis

28

Lymphatics

Lymphedema

Treatment of Lymphoedema

Filariasis

29

Thorax & Lung

Mediastinal tumors

Locations of the Common Mediastinal Masses

Thymoma

Bronchogenic Cyst

Pleural Effusion

Pneumothorax

Tension Pneumothorax

Hemothorax

Indications of Thoracotomy

Lung Abscess

Pulmonary Hamartoma

Bronchial Adenoma

Bronchial Carcinoid

Malignant Mesothelioma

WHO Classification of Carcinoma Lung

Bronchogenic Carcinoma

Pulmonary Embolism

Fat Embolism

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Myxoma

30

Burns

Burn Size (% BSA)

Causes of death in Burn patients

Fever in Burn Patients

Burns Depth & Classification of burn wound

Parkland formula & Fluid Resuscitation

31

Plastic surgery

Skin Grafting: Split thickness & full thickness

Flaps

Marjolin’s Ulcer

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Malignant Melanoma

Vascular Anomalies

Sequence of repair in Hand Injuries

Neuropathic foot / Trophic ulcers

32

Wounds, Tissue repair & scar

Factors that inhibit Wound Healing

Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar

33

Cerebrovascular disease

Berry aneurysm

Cerebrovascular Stroke

Duret Hemorrhage

EDH & SDH

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Skull Base Fractures

Brain Herniation

Diffuse Axonal Injuries

Glasgow Coma Scale

Arnold-Chiari malformation

Meningocele

Myelomeningocele

Hydrocephalus

Kernohan’s Notch Phenomenon

34

CNS tumors

CNS Tumors: Predisposing Factors

Astrocytoma

Ependymoma

Oligodendroglioma (ODG)

Medulloblastoma

Meningioma

Pituitary adenoma

Craniopharyngioma

Brain Metastasis

Primary CNS Lymphoma

Stereotactic Radiosurgery

35

Oral cavity

Carcinoma Oral Cavity: Predisposing Factors

Leukoplakia

Erythroplakia

Speckled erythroplakia

Oral Submucous Fibrosis

Carcinoma Lip

Lip Reconstruction: Abbe-Estlander flap

Carcinoma Tongue

Commando’s operation

Mandibulectomy

Dental Cyst, Dentigerous Cyst & Ameloblastoma

36

Salivary glands

Pleomorphic Adenoma

Warthin’s Tumor

Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

Sialolithiasis

Complications of Parotidectomy

Frey’s syndrome

Ranula

37

Neck

Carotid Body Tumor

Cystic Hygroma

Branchial Cyst & Fistula

Thyroglossal cyst

Cervical Rib

Neck Dissection

38

Facial abnormalities

Cleft Lip & Palate

Fractures of the mandible

Zygomatic Bone Fracture

Le Fort Fractures

39

Oncology

Tumor Markers

Screening in Malignancy

Bone Metastasis

Oncological Emergencies

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Hypercalcemia of Malignancy

Typhlitis (Neutropenic Enterocolitis)

Superior Vena Cava  (SVC) Syndrome

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

40

Soft tissue sarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Angiosarcoma

Liposarcoma

Leiomyosarcoma

Sarcomas with Lymph Node Metastasis

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

41

Pediatric surgery

Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

42

Trauma

ATLS protocol

ABCDE

Primary survey

Secondary survey

Triage

Trauma Scoring System

Blunt Trauma Abdomen

Seat Belt Injury

FAST

DPL

Trauma triad of death

Damage Control Surgery

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

Trauma: Liver, spleen, kidney, pancreas

Penetrating Abdominal Injuries

Neck Injuries

Blast Injuries

Flail chest

Pericardial Tamponade

Diaphragmatic Injury

43

Transplantation

Organ Preservation Solution

Types of Graft

Matching & Graft Rejection

Maastricht classification

Liver, kidney, pancreas Transplantation

Heart & lung Transplantation

Complications of Transplantation

Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD)

Maximum and Optimal Cold Storage Times

44

Laparoscopy & Bariatric surgery

Laparoscopy

VATS

NOTES

Bariatric Surgery

45

Sutures & anastomosis

Suture Materials

Catgut

Vicryl

Prolene

Ethilon

Monocryl

Anastomoses

Mesh

46

Sterilization & infection

Techniques of Sterilization

Prophylactic Antibiotics

SIRS & MODS

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Erysipelas & Cellulitis

Gas Gangrene

Chronic Burrowing ulcer

Hospital Acquired Infection

Causes of Post-operative Fever

47

Fluid, electrolyte & nutrition

Enteral Nutrition

Total Parenteral Nutrition

Refeeding Syndrome

48

Blood Transfusion

Complications of Blood Transfusion

Characteristics of Selected Blood Components

Anticoagulants

49

Shock

Types of shock

Four Classes of Hemorrhagic Shock

 

Important 8th AJCC TNM Classification

  1. Carcinoma Breast
  2. Carcinoma Gallbladder
  3. Carcinoma Stomach
  4. Colorectal cancer
  5. Carcinoma Oral Cavity
  6. Carcinoma Cervix
  7. Carcinoma Endometrium
  8. Carcinoma Ovary

 

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