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Pathology is a very important subject of MBBS. 40-50 direct or indirect questions appear from pathology in PG entrance exams.

A majority of the candidates find this subject tough and challenging. Keeping the candidates’ concern in mind, we have compiled this article that will cast light on the most important topics of Pathology for Medical PG entrance.

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When in doubt you must refer to latest edition of Robbins’ Pathology since it has been written keeping in mind South-East Asia.

Most Important Topics of Pathology for Medical PG Entrance

I. Cell as a Unit of Health & Disease

Important topics

  1. Cell Genome- In this, you need to prepare Epigenetics and how to diagnose a case of Epigenetics.
  2. Types of Collagen, where they are located and the diseases which occur due to their deficiency.
  3. Stem cells


II. Cell Adaptation, Repair and Injury

This chapter is very  important and must not be missed.

Important Topics

  1. Reversible Injury
  2. Irreversible Injury
  3. Difference between Reversible & Irreversible Injury
  4. Apoptosis
  5. Calcification and their examples

Also read: Most effective study plan for PG entrance exams.

III. Inflammation

Important Topics

  1. Factors which lead to increased vascular permeability (Regularly repeated)
  2. Cellular events of Inflammation
  3. Mediators of Inflammation
  4. Cell Repair and the day-wise approach


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IV. Genetics

Important Topics

  1. Mendelian Inheritance – Autosomal Dominant & Autosomal Recessive. Be cautious of the fact that all dominant diseases do not present like autosomal recessive.
  2. Factors affecting autosomal dominant diseases such as Co-dominance, Pleiotropism, etc.
  3. Examples of Automosal Dominant and Autosomal Recessive
  4. Non-Mendelian Inheritance such as Trinucleotide Repeat and Silencing
  5. Genomic Imprinting, Maternal and Paternal Disomy
  6. Neoplasia – Try to remember only the most important mutations. 
    • Metaplasia, dysplasia, anaplasia 
    • Cell cycle 
    • Oncogenes
    • Cell cycle inhibitors 
    • Ras, proto-oncogenes
    • Tumor suppressor genes
    • Paraneoplastic syndromes 
    • Lab diagnosis of cancer 
    • Tumor markers
  7. Tumor suppressor Genes - Prepare the ones present in the Nucleus
  8. Warbug effect
  9. Tumor markers used in Diagnostic and Prognostic field nowadays


V. Immunity

If you prepare Immunity from Pathology, there is no need to prepare Immunity from Microbiology.

Important Topics

  1. NK cells, Dendritic Cells and Antigen preventing cells
  2. Amyloidosis is very very important

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VI. Haematology

There are 3 units in this – RBCs, WBCs and Coagulation

Important Topics of WBC

  1. ALL
  2. CLL
  3. DLBCL
  4. Burkitts
  5. AML – in particular reference to the new WHO 2008 Classifications
  6. CML is very important topic and must not be missed


Important Topics of RBC

  1. Haemolytic Anaemia (Sickle cell Anaemia, Thallasemia)
    • Sicle Cell Anaemia - Mutations and the factors which increase or decrease Sickling
    • Thallasemia – Peripheral Smear finding
  2. Iron Deficiency Anaemia – Prepare the difference between Iron Deficiency Anaemia and Anaemia of Chronic Disease
  3. Differential diagnosis of Pancytopenia – Pancytopenia with cellular bone marrow and Pancytopenia with Acellular Bone Marrow.


Important Topics of Coagulation

  1. Primary hemostatic plug
  2. Secondary hemostatic plug
  3. Deficiency of Coagulation Factors
  4. Von Willebrand disease
  5. DIC

You can also download the list of most important topics for PGMEE preparation


VII. Systemic Pathology

This topic can be covered with Medicine.

Important Cancers

  1. Lung Cancers
  2. Endothyroid Carcinoma.
  3. Mesothelioma and the Histological Difference between Mesothelioma and Adenocarcinoma
  4. Thyroid Carcinoma – Types
  5. RCC
  6. CNS Tumors

Other Important topics

  1. Kidney
    • Casts
    • Different types of nephritis (Membranous, Minimal Change disease)
    • Focal Segmental glomerulosclerosis.
  2. Liver
    • Alcoholic liver disease.
    • Non Alcoholic liver disease.
    • NASH (Non Alcoholic Steatohepatitis)
    • NAFLS (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease)
  3. CNS
    • Schwannoma
    • Medulloblastoma
    • Astrocytoma

Also read: How to study all 19 subjects for NEET PG.

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We are sure that this article will definitely acquaint the aspirants with the most important topics of Pathology for Medical PG Entrance.

Prepare the Aforesaid topics to Excel in Pathology in Medical PG entrance.

Stay Tuned for the latest updates on Medical PG preparation!

Best Wishes.

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