This blog will help you to know how to identify the key components and goals of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm.
This ACLS Algorithm introduces you with the stepwise information for the proper management of patients who experience Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS).
Basically, ACS i.e. Acute Coronary Syndrome is a group of clinical symptoms that are compatible with acute myocardial ischemia and includes NSTEMI (NSTEMI stands for non-ST segment myocardial infarction), unstable angina and STEMI (STEMI stands for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction).
Ideally, when patients show the sigs of infarction or ischemia, ACS algorithm should be used.
Also read: ACLS Algorithm: Adult Bradycardia
Following is the list of classic symptoms that is suggestive towards ACS:
- Radiation of pain to the shoulders or down the arms
- Jaw or neck pain
- Chest pressure or pain
- Shortness of breath (SOB)
- Unexplained fatigue
The primary goals of ACS treatment are as follows:
- Early recognition of ACS and STEMI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction)
- Prevention of major adverse cardiac outcomes (abbreviated as MACE)
- Triage for early reperfusion therapy
- Treatment of acute, life threatening complications like symptomatic bradycardias, VF/pulseless VT, and unstable tachycardias
- Treatment to alleviate ischemia
To have an even more detailed, step-by-step description of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm refer the flowchart given below:
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