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This blog will help you to know how to identify the key components and goals of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm.

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This ACLS Algorithm introduces you with the stepwise information for the proper management of patients who experience Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS).

Basically, ACS i.e. Acute Coronary Syndrome is a group of clinical symptoms that are compatible with acute myocardial ischemia and includes NSTEMI (NSTEMI stands for non-ST segment myocardial infarction), unstable angina and STEMI (STEMI stands for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction).

Ideally, when patients show the sigs of infarction or ischemia, ACS algorithm should be used.

 

Also read: ACLS Algorithm: Adult Bradycardia

 

Following is the list of classic symptoms that is suggestive towards ACS:

  • Radiation of pain to the shoulders or down the arms
  • Jaw or neck pain
  • Chest pressure or pain
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath (SOB)
  • Diaphoresis
  • Palpitations
  • Unexplained fatigue

 

Also read: Significance of AHA Certified BLS / ACLS Courses

 

The primary goals of ACS treatment are as follows:

  • Early recognition of ACS and STEMI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction)
  • Prevention of major adverse cardiac outcomes (abbreviated as MACE)
  • Triage for early reperfusion therapy
  • Treatment of acute, life threatening complications like symptomatic bradycardias, VF/pulseless VT, and unstable tachycardias
  • Treatment to alleviate ischemia

To have an even more detailed, step-by-step description of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm refer the flowchart given below: 

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Also read: Are you American Heart Association certified?

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