Physiology is a highly significant subject from NEET MDS perspective since it forms the basis for various other subjects such as General Medicine, Pathology and Oral Medicine.

Also read: Most Important Topics of Biochemistry for NEET MDS 2017

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This article has been compiled in order to assist you in your preparation of Physiology for NEET MDS and will bring forth the Most Important Topics of Physiology from NEET MDS perspective.


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Most Important Topics of Physiology for NEET MDS

Here is a detailed list of the Most Important Topics of Physiology:

Most Important Topics


Most Important Topics

General Physiology


Cell Junctions

Fluid Content of Body

Cell Volume

Osmolarity, Osmolality

Active and Passive Transport

Action Potential

Resting Membrane Potential


Absolute and Relative Refractory Period

Nerve Conduction

Saltatory Conduction

Neuromuscular Junction

Elements of Skeletal Muscle

Synapse, Staircase Phenomenon

Contraction, Rigor Mortis




Fluid Content

Plasma Protein Components


MCHC, Haematocrit


Platelet Function Tests

WBC Characteristics

Clotting Factors

Drumstick Lobe

Deficiency of Factors and Disorders

Coagulation Cascade (Extrinsic and Intrinsic)

Landsteiner’s Law

ABO System of Blood Grouping

Blood Transfusion, Rh Factor

ESR, Haemoglobin


Cardiovascular System

Cardiac Conduction System

(SA Node, AV Node, Purkinje Fibres,

Bundle of His)


Cardiac Cycle especially Ventricular Systole

Heart Sounds, ECG

Einthoven’s Law

Stroke Volume

Cardiac Index, Minute Volume

Poiseuille’s Law

Hypertension, Cardiac Output

Preload and After-load

Pulmonary Circulation

Renin Angiotensin Mechanism


Respiratory System

Muscles of Inspiration and Expiration

Intrapleural Space

Intrapulmonary Pressure

Cheyne-Stokes Breathing

Tidal Volume, Functional Residual Capacity

Vital Lung Capacity, Total Lung Capacity

Alveolar Ventilation, Dead Space Volume

Pulmonary Compliance

Hyperventilation, Hypoventilation

Michaelis - Menten Law

Transport of Oxygen in Blood

Haldane Effect, Asphyxia, CPR

Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide Carrying in Blood

Oxygen Dissociation Curve

Hypoxia, Chloride Shift

Pathological Breathing


Digestive system

Saliva, Deglutition, Hormones of GIT

Internal and External Glands of GIT

Gastric Secretion, Peristalsis

Enterogastric Reflex

Enterohepatic Circulation

Jaundice, GALT

Degradation of Products of Food Nutrients


Excretory system

Hormones of Kidney, GFR (in Detail)

Clearance Rate, Excretion Rate

Urea and Creatine Cycle

Nutrient Re-Absorption

Renal Threshold, Counter Current System

Anti-Diuretic Hormone

Osmotic Diuresis

Kidney Function Tests




Autocrine Effect, Chemical Nature of Hormones

First and Second Messenger

Hormone Production during Day and Night

Trophic Hormones, Hypothalamic Hormones

Growth Hormone, ADH, Thyroid Hormone

Hyperthyroidism, Myxoedema

Cretinism, Hormones of Pancreas, Glucagon

Insulin, Bone Metabolism

Hormones in Calcium Metabolism

Parathormone, Alkaline Phosphatase

Cushing’s Disease, Menstrual Cycle

Ovulation, Progesterone, Testosterone

Contraceptive Pills, HCG


Nervous System

Myelinated and Un-Myelinated Fibers


Distribution of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Fibers


Autonomic Effects on Various Organs of the Body

Preganglionic Sympathetic Fibers

Pain , Dental Pain, Functions of Hypothalamus

Broca’s Area, Tremor

Brown- Sequard Syndrome

Classification of Receptors

Sensory Receptors of Pain

Monosynaptic and Polysynaptic Pathways

Reflexes involving Cranial Nerves

Pathway of Taste

Blood Brain Barrier, Gag Reflex


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Also Read: Tips to Approach MCQs in NEET MDS 2017

Thoroughly preparing the Above-listed Topics would surely help you answer most of the questions from Physiology in NEET MDS exam. 

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