Preparing such a vast syllabus for MDS entrance exam is a challenging task. In this era of intense competition, smart study is the key. Focusing on high yielding topics is more effective than beating around the bush at this stage of exam preparation.

Therefore, to prepare pathology, selective study approach and organizing the preparation is helpful. Many areas of this subject can be grouped for memorizing it quickly and easy recalling.

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Depending upon the previous year analysis, pathology being one of the basic medical subjects carried high weightage. Hence, PrepLadder has come up with the effective study approach to assist you in preparing pathology.

Tips to Prepare:

  • Focus on high yielding topics and chapters from the book, particularly from the standard textbooks.
  • Don’t refer to many books which may confuse you and waste your time.
  • Visualization is an effective method to master pathology. Learning through pictures increases your retention power and memory.
  • Revise your class notes as much as you can.


Following are the popular topics you need to focus on while preparing pathology:


General Pathology:

It is the largest topic and includes many topics which must be known to you in order to assure good rank.

Most Important topics:


1.    General Mechanisms of Cell Injury

  • Reversible cell injury
  • Irreversible cell injury

2.    Necrosis

  • Types
  • Features

3.    Gangrene

  • Types
  • Features

4.    Wound Healing and Repair

5.    Disturbances of electrolytes

Other important topics:


1.    Apoptosis

2.    Degeneration

3.    Intracellular Accumulations

4.    Hypersensitivity Reactions

Also Read: Most effective study plan for MDS entrance exams



Most Important topics:


1.    Vascular and Cellular events:

  • Factors causing increased vascular permeability

2.    Chemical mediators of inflammation

3.    Fluid and Hemodynamic pathology

  • Shock- Factors, types, stages
  • Pathophysiology of shock
  • Hyperaemia
  • Congestion

4.    Oedema

5.    Amyloidosis

  • Types
  • Characteristics

Other Important topics:


1.    Thrombosis,  Embolism, Infarction,  Aneurysm

2.    Pathological Deposits

  • Dystrophic calcification
  • Metastatic calcification



Most Important topics:


1.    Types of tumors

  • Benign tumors
  • Malignant tumors
  • Their differences and characteristics

2.    Tumor markers used in Diagnostic and Prognostic fields nowadays.

Other Important topics:


1.    Classification of tumors

2.    Diagnosis of Bone Tumor

Also Read: NEET-MDS-2017: Time to Schedule your Preparation



Immunology and Genetics

Prepare this topic judiciously so that you need not mug up immunology separately again in microbiology.

Most Important topics:


1.    Immune System

  • Components
  • Immunoglobulins


Other Important topics:


1.    Disorders of Complement System

2.    Inheritance

  • Autosomal dominant inheritance
  • Autosomal recessive inheritance

3.    Diseases of Immunity

  • Immunodeficiency diseases


Respiratory Pathology

Most Important topics:


1.    Tuberculosis

  • Types
  • Differences


Other Important topics:


1.    Emphysema

  • Types
  • Features

2.    Chronic Bronchitis

3.    Asthma

4.    Bronchiectasis

5.    Pneumonia

6.    Community Acquired Pneumonia

7.    Pneumococcal Pneumonia

8.    Pleural Effusion

  • Types
  • Causes


Pathology of Blood Cells

Most Important topics:

1.    RBC

  • Anemia- types and classification
  • Important features of different anemias
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Iron deficiency anemia

2.    Leukemia

  • Types
  • Factors
  • Pathology

3.    WBC:

  • ALL
  • CLL
  • Von Willebrand's disease
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma

4.    Hemopoietic Growth Factors

5.    Hemostasis

6.    Platelet Disorders

7.    Coagulation Disorders:

  • Hemophilia A
  • Hemophilia B
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

8.    Transfusion Disorders

Also Read: How to compete with those who drop a year for NEET PG Dental


Reference BOOKS for pathology:

  1. Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease
  2. Textbook of Pathology - Harsh Mohan


We wish that this blog will help you to prepare pathology systematically in order to score good marks in MDS entrance exams.


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