General medicine is one of the most important for MDS entrance exams. Thoroughly preparing this subject will increase your knowledge about other subjects as well and will surely help you to score well in the exam.

This subject is one of the decider subjects to get a high rank in the exams. Many  questions have been asked in previous years papers from this subject, hence, making it a top scoring subject.

Therefore, it is imperative to properly prepare this subject along with smart study to complete the syllabus on time.

As days are numbered, PrepLadder brings forth this article to assist you in preparing general medicine along with topics that you cannot afford to miss for the exams.   

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Quick Tips to Prepare: 

  • Use mnemonics for signs and symptoms. Learn and understand the important ones.
  • To memorize drugs, make flashcards and paste them on the places you often see.
  • Practice as many mock tests as you can and previous year’s papers as well.
  • Review your class notes.
  • Most importantly, emphasize mainly on types, causes, clinical features, drugs used and management of various conditions.


List of section-wise topics crucial to prepare for General Medicine:


It is the most important section among all and hence, should be properly prepared.

From this section, most important topics you must be thoroughly familiarized with are hypertension, stroke volume and cardiac output, valvular diseases (mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation, and aortic regurgitation), rheumatic heard disease, infective endocarditis, congestive heart failure and biological markers.  

Other important topics include heart valves, myocardial action potential, heart sounds, murmurs, jugular venous pressure, rheumatic fever, atherosclerosis and clubbing along with its causes.



This section is one of the most important sections as there are topics which are important for other subjects as well, such as pathology.

The important topics under this section are tetanus, hepatitis, herpes virus, tuberculosis, jaundice, HIV, syphilis along with diagnostic tests, classification of viruses and incubation periods of different infections.



This is another important section that must be diligently prepared and moreover, anemias and leukemias (AML, ALL, CLL, CML) are the major topics to be covered under this section.

Other important topics one must prepare are disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), hemophilia, thalassemia and polycythemia vera.

Recommended Read: Most Important Topics of General Medicine for NEET MDS  



Acquaint yourself with the topics such as growth hormone (and related conditions like acromegaly and gigantism), diabetes mellitus (this is among most repeated topics) and its complications, diabetic ketoacidosis, thyroid gland (along with associated conditions such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, thyroid storm) and parathyroid hormone (mainly tetany, osteoporosis, and hyperparathyroidism along with its types).


Bell’s palsy, epilepsy, types of seizures, motor neuron lesions (lower motor neuron and upper motor neuron), parkinsonism and disorders of basal ganglia are the thoroughgoing topics to be prepared attentively in this section.



Lay emphasis on topics like peptic ulcers, liver cirrhosis, diarrhea, hepatitis along with virological markers, jaundice, GERD, metabolic acidosis and alkalosis, dysphagia (its causes and conditions) and H. Pylori Infection since various questions have been asked from these in last few years papers.

Recommended Read: NEET MDS: The Correct Approach to Prepare!



Under this section, one can expect question from topics such as clubbing (especially its causes and grading), cyanosis (Central cyanosis and Peripheral cyanosis), chronic obstructive lung disease, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis. Therefore, prepare them in-detail for MDS entrance exams.



Vital topics to be studied from this section are acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, diabetes insipidus, urinary tract infections, urinary stones and metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis (must be read here also apart from GIT).


Reference BOOKS: 

  • Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine
  • Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine

Also read: Important Books on Non-Clinical subjects for MDS Entance exams


“Thorough preparation makes its own luck”


Prepare judiciously..

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